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Action plan to put 1.5 million zero-emission cars on California roads by 2025

15 February 2013

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The office of California Governor has released a roadmap that details specific strategies and actions to help accelerate the market for plug-in electric vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles in California. According to the Governor’s Executive Order of March 2012, there should be 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles on Californian roads by 2025.
The action plan, which will be adjusted over time to address changing market conditions, is the product of an interagency working group led by the Governor’s office that includes several state agencies and outside stakeholders, especially the California Plug-in Electric Vehicle Collaboration (PEVC) and the California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP).

Milestones set in Executive Order

“To encourage the development and success of zero-emission vehicles to protect the environment, stimulate economic growth and improve the quality of life in the State”, Governor Brown issued an Executive Order in March 2012 setting several milestones aimed at reaching the long-term target of 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) on California’s roads by 2025.

The milestones are divided into three time periods:
  • By 2015
o California’s major metropolitan areas will be able to accommodate ZEVs through infrastructure plans and streamlined permitting
o Private investment and manufacturing in the ZEV sector will grow 
o The state’s academic and research institutions will contribute to ZEV market expansion by building understanding of how ZEVs are used
  • By 2020
o The state’s ZEV infrastructure will be able to support up to 1 million vehicles
o The costs of ZEVs will be competitive with conventional combustion vehicles 
o ZEVs will be accessible to mainstream customers
o There will be widespread use of ZEVs for public transportation and freight transport
  • By 2025
o Over 1.5 million ZEVs will be in use in California
o The ZEV infrastructure will be a strong and sustainable part of California’s economy
o California’s clean, efficient ZEVs will annually displace at least 1.5 billion gallons of petroleum fuels

Moreover, the Executive Order requires the state government to increase the share of ZEVs in their fleets. In 2015, 10% of new vehicle purchases must be ZEVs, increasing gradually to 25% by 2020.

Roadmap to accelerate ZEV adoption

The Action Plan ‘A roadmap toward 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles on California roadways by 2025’ outlines actions that are ongoing or planned to be launched to help expand the ZEV market. The actions are grouped under four broad goals:
  • Complete infrastructure and planning needed: This will include support for additional infrastructure for ZEVs, ensuring the development of interoperability standards for EV charging stations and building of a minimum of 68 hydrogen stations between 2015 and 2017.
  • Expand consumer awareness and demand: Under this goal the government will strive to continue the consumer rebates for purchase or lease of ZEVs and maintain the HOV lane access for these vehicles.
  • Transform fleets: The government will advance a statewide ZEV Fleet Users Forum or expand existing forums to support the efforts of companies and governments to integrate ZEVs into their fleets in addition to setting the requirement for minimum share of new ZEVs in state’s fleet.
  • Grow jobs and investment in the private sector: Under this objective, the goal will be to provide workforce training funds to employers, trade associations, Joint Apprenticeship Training Committees, and Chambers of Commerce to address employer-driven, ZEV-related training needs for existing and new workers. Moreover, supply chain assessment of ZEVs, components and infrastructure to develop a strategic plan to attract promising areas of ZEV supply chains to California will be conducted.

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